Franklin Delano Roosevelt citáty

Franklin Delano Roosevelt foto
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Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Datum narození: 30. leden 1882
Datum úmrtí: 12. duben 1945
Další jména: Франклин Рузвельт

Franklin Delano Roosevelt byl americký politik a 32. prezident USA v letech 1933–1945. Zastával svůj úřad nejdéle ze všech amerických prezidentů a byl jediným, který byl zvolen do svého úřadu více než dvakrát. Patří mezi nejdůležitější osobnosti historie 20. století. Jeho vzdálený bratranec byl prezident Theodore Roosevelt.

Citáty Franklin Delano Roosevelt

„Strach můžeme mít jen ze strachu samotného.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Source: [Madeleine, Albrightová, Doporučení budoucímu prezidentovi : Jak vrátit Americe dobrou pověst a vůdčí roli ve světě, Tomáš Jeník, Práh, 2008, Praha, 978-80-7252-218-7, orig. Memo to the president-elect]

„Nemůžeme být spokojeni, ať už je všeobecná životní úroveň sebevyšší, pokud část našich občanů – ať už je to jedna třetina, pětina nebo desetina – trpí nedostatkem jídla či oblečení, nemá střechu nad hlavou či žije v nejistotě.“

—  Franklin Delano Roosevelt
(en) We cannot be content, no matter how high that general standard of living may be, if some fraction of our people—whether it be one-third or one-fifth or one-tenth- is ill-fed, ill-clothed, ill housed, and insecure. text Zprávy o stavu Unie F. D. Roosevelta z roku 1944 Source: [Po pádu : Čas na změnu : Zpráva Social Watch 2010, Tomáš Bíla, Ekumenická akademie Praha, Praha, 2010, http://www.socialwatch.org/sites/default/files/SocialWatch-Report-2010-cze.pdf, 978-80-904405-4-8, Spojené státy americké : „Lidé na prvním místě“ jen pokud dojde k odvážným reformám, 86–87, http://www.socialwatch.org/sites/default/files/usa2010_cze.pdf] Source: [Franklin D., Roosevelt, State of the Union Message to Congress, http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/archives/address_text.html, 1944-01-11, 2013-11-17, anglicky]

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„Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income of $1,000 a day, who has been turning his employees over to the Government relief rolls in order to preserve his company's undistributed reserves, tell you – using his stockholders’ money to pay the postage for his personal opinions — tell you that a wage of $11.00 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all American industry.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1930s, Fireside Chat in the night before signing the Fair Labor Standards (1938), Context: Do not let any calamity-howling executive with an income of $1,000 a day, who has been turning his employees over to the Government relief rolls in order to preserve his company's undistributed reserves, tell you – using his stockholders’ money to pay the postage for his personal opinions — tell you that a wage of $11.00 a week is going to have a disastrous effect on all American industry. Fortunately for business as a whole, and therefore for the Nation, that type of executive is a rarity with whom most business executives heartily disagree.

„A statesman deals with concrete difficulties — with things which must be done from day to day. Not often can he frame conscious patterns for the far off future.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1930s, Address at the Dedication of the Memorial on the Gettysburg Battlefield (1938), Context: It seldom helps to wonder how a statesman of one generation would surmount the crisis of another. A statesman deals with concrete difficulties — with things which must be done from day to day. Not often can he frame conscious patterns for the far off future. But the fullness of the stature of Lincoln's nature and the fundamental conflict which events forced upon his Presidency invite us ever to turn to him for help. For the issue which he restated here at Gettysburg seventy five years ago will be the continuing issue before this Nation so long as we cling to the purposes for which the Nation was founded — to preserve under the changing conditions of each generation a people's government for the people's good.

„Without the body and the mind, as all men know, the Nation could not live. But if the spirit of America were killed, even though the Nation's body and mind, constricted in an alien world, lived on, the America we know would have perished.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1940s, Third Inaugural Address (1941), Context: But it is not enough to achieve these purposes alone. It is not enough to clothe and feed the body of this Nation, and instruct and inform its mind. For there is also the spirit. And of the three, the greatest is the spirit. Without the body and the mind, as all men know, the Nation could not live. But if the spirit of America were killed, even though the Nation's body and mind, constricted in an alien world, lived on, the America we know would have perished.

„The hours men and women worked, the wages they received, the conditions of their labor — these had passed beyond the control of the people, and were imposed by this new industrial dictatorship.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1930s, Speech to the Democratic National Convention (1936), Context: The hours men and women worked, the wages they received, the conditions of their labor — these had passed beyond the control of the people, and were imposed by this new industrial dictatorship. The savings of the average family, the capital of the small-businessmen, the investments set aside for old age — other people's money — these were tools which the new economic royalty used to dig itself in. Those who tilled the soil no longer reaped the rewards which were their right. The small measure of their gains was decreed by men in distant cities. Throughout the nation, opportunity was limited by monopoly. Individual initiative was crushed in the cogs of a great machine. The field open for free business was more and more restricted. Private enterprise, indeed, became too private. It became privileged enterprise, not free enterprise.

„This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors.“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1930s, Address at San Diego Exposition (1935), Context: This country seeks no conquest. We have no imperial designs. From day to day and year to year, we are establishing a more perfect assurance of peace with our neighbors. We rejoice especially in the prosperity, the stability and the independence of all of the American Republics. We not only earnestly desire peace, but we are moved by a stern determination to avoid those perils that will endanger our peace with the world.

„The fourth is freedom from fear“

—  Franklin D. Roosevelt
1940s, State of the Union Address — The Four Freedoms (1941), Context: In the future days which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The first is freedom of speech and expression — everywhere in the world. The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way — everywhere in the world. The third is freedom from want, which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants — everywhere in the world. The fourth is freedom from fear, which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor — anywhere in the world. That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation.

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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