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Omar Chajjám

Datum narození: 18. květen 1048
Datum úmrtí: 4. prosinec 1131

Ghíját al-din Abú l’Fath Umar Ibn Ibrahim al-nisaburi al Chajjám zkráceně Omar Chajjám byl perský básník, matematik, filozof a astronom. Dnes je nejvíce znám pro svou sbírku básní Čtyřverší, kterou zejména v anglosaském světě zpopularizoval Edward Fitzgerald svým volným přebásněním pod názvem Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.

„Yet Ah, that Spring should vanish with the Rose!“

—  Omar Khayyám

Zdroj: The Rubaiyat (1120)
Kontext: Yet Ah, that Spring should vanish with the Rose!
That Youth's sweet-scented manuscript should close!
The Nightingale that in the branches sang,
Ah, whence, and whither flown again, who knows!

„The Wine of Life keeps oozing drop by drop,
The Leaves of Life keep falling one by one.“

—  Omar Khayyám

The Rubaiyat (1120)
Kontext: Whether at Naishapur or Babylon,
Whether the Cup with sweet or bitter run,
The Wine of Life keeps oozing drop by drop,
The Leaves of Life keep falling one by one.

„Indeed, indeed, Repentance oft before
I swore — but was I sober when I swore?“

—  Omar Khayyám

The Rubaiyat (1120)
Kontext: Indeed, indeed, Repentance oft before
I swore — but was I sober when I swore?
And then and then came Spring, and Rose-in-hand
My thread-bare Penitence apieces tore.

„We are no other than a moving row
Of Magic Shadow-shapes that come and go“

—  Omar Khayyám

The Rubaiyat (1120)
Kontext: We are no other than a moving row
Of Magic Shadow-shapes that come and go
Round with the Sun-illumined Lantern held
In Midnight by the Master of the Show;

„Of my Base metal may be filed a Key,
That shall unlock the Door he howls without.“

—  Omar Khayyám

The Rubaiyat (1120)
Kontext: The Vine had struck a fibre: which about
If clings my being — let the Dervish flout;
Of my Base metal may be filed a Key,
That shall unlock the Door he howls without.

„By the help of God and with His precious assistance, I say that Algebra is a scientific art. The objects with which it deals are absolute numbers and measurable quantities which, though themselves unknown, are related to "things" which are known, whereby the determination of the unknown quantities is possible.“

—  Omar Khayyám

Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070).
Kontext: By the help of God and with His precious assistance, I say that Algebra is a scientific art. The objects with which it deals are absolute numbers and measurable quantities which, though themselves unknown, are related to "things" which are known, whereby the determination of the unknown quantities is possible. Such a thing is either a quantity or a unique relation, which is only determined by careful examination. What one searches for in the algebraic art are the relations which lead from the known to the unknown, to discover which is the object of Algebra as stated above. The perfection of this art consists in knowledge of the scientific method by which one determines numerical and geometric unknowns.

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„Oh, threats of Hell and Hopes of Paradise!
One thing at least is certain — This Life flies;
One thing is certain and the rest is Lies;
The Flower that once has blown for ever dies.“

—  Omar Khayyám

Oh, come with old Khayyam, and leave the Wise
To talk; one thing is certain, that Life flies;
One thing is certain, and the Rest is Lies;
The Flower that once has blown for ever dies.
FitzGerald's first edition (1859).
The Rubaiyat (1120)

„Before the phantom of False morning died,
Methought a Voice within the Tavern cried,
"When all the Temple is prepared within,
Why nods the drowsy Worshipper outside?"“

—  Omar Khayyám

Dreaming when Dawn's Left Hand was in the Sky
I heard a Voice within the Tavern cry,
"Awake, my Little ones, and fill the Cup
Before Life's Liquor in its Cup be dry."
FitzGerald's first edition (1859).
The Rubaiyat (1120)

„Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Etiam egestas wisi a erat. Morbi imperdiet, mauris ac auctor dictum.“

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